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Ford pumps $4.5B into electrifying 40% of its global product line by 2020



Ford Motor Co. is accelerating its electrified vehicle development program, backed by a recent $4.5 billion investment aimed at making 40% of the company’s global vehicles hybrids, plug-in hybrids (PHEVs), and battery-electrics by 2020.



Ford will add 13 new EVs and hybrids over the next four model years, raising the percentage of electrified vehicles in its lineup from 13% in 2015. PHEVs will be the fastest-growing type of electrified vehicle, according to Raj Nair, Executive Vice President of Product Development and CTO. Nair noted that Ford is the current North American market leader in PHEVs.



A Focus Electric with a 100-mi (161-km) range and DC fast charge capability will enter production in late 2016. The SAE Level 2 charging system will deliver an 80% state of charge in 30 min, Nair said. The current Focus EV can travel 76 mi (122 km) between charges. At a recent media event in Dearborn, Nair was repeatedly asked about Ford’s response to the recently unveiled 2017 Chevrolet Bolt EV, which GM claims will have a 200-mi (322-km) range on a single charge.



Ford Powertrain sources tell Automotive Engineering that the company has “a variety of electrified programs in the works” including a hybridized powertrain for light trucks and improved versions of its current PHEVs. The sources indicated that Ford may unveil at the 2016 North American International Auto Show in Detroit an improved version of its Fusion Energi for 2017, with greater EV range than the incumbent model’s 21 mi (34 km).



Ford’s amped-up investment strategy comes at a time of depressed North American sales of electrified cars in general, a result of low retail gasoline prices. Deliveries in 2015 through November of Ford’s C-Max, Fusion, and Lincoln MKZ hybrid versions fell 25% to 59,301 units, according to Autodata.



Sales slid 41% for Nissan’s Leaf EV, 23% for Chevrolet’s Volt plug-in hybrid, and 12% for the Toyota Prius.

Ford is significantly expanding its Electrified Powertrain Engineering program in Dearborn. It hired an additional 120 engineers in 2015 and plans to add more in 2016. Last fall Ford, along with partners the University of Michigan and the Michigan Economic Development Corp., announced a $9 million battery lab at the university to help develop more energy- and power-dense, lower cost battery cells.



Read more: http://articles.sae.org/14507/


Which Engine Is Better - Petrol Or Diesel?






The subject of whether to go petrol or diesel is about as old as the car itself. It's an imperative choice and something that requires a touch of exploration in light of the fact that there are a bigger number of elements in play here than you may might know of.



In this article we take you through the issues, and round up with a contextual investigation to demonstrate to you the elements you ought to be considering.



Mileage-



Truly, diesel cars have been more efficient than petrol cars. They essentially burn fuel in a more effective way, which implies that fuel is less utilized per mile.



All things considered, with the presentation of higher-tech turbo charging system the petrol engine is a lot more advanced and well performing then diesel engine. When all is said and done, you'll discover petrol engine is more proficient than diesel over a medium-to-long haul of possession in the event that your car is not going to experience long run. But if you travel a lot on highways and for longer duration of time then diesel is the right choice for you.



At the pumps you'll discover diesel is additionally more costly than petrol, which decreases the inlet between the two and again means doing the math.



Tax assessment-



Identified with efficiency is the CO2 yield of the car being referred to, which obviously has an immediate effect on car tax of that company. Diesels discharge less carbon dioxide, and in this manner cost less to charge. Since 2002 this distinction has been reviewed by the Government through the 3 percent diesel demand on Benefit in Kind tax, since CO2 isn't the main emission and diesels radiate different nastiest substances which must also be accounted in order to get complete picture.



That 3 percent extra charge will drop off in the 2016/17 tax year, be that as it may, in light of the fact that diesel cars now need to fit in with far stricter emission regulations and in this manner all have particulate channels introduced.



Another variable is that diesel cars are by and large more costly to purchase than petrol cars, so you'll have to figure that your duty computations as well.



Driving-



Its a very well know fact that petrol cars are far superior to drive than diesel cars. The primary explanation behind this is that diesel autos have a much smaller power band, so you get more torque yet spread over a littler area. This issue is opened up by turbocharging, which is utilized on all diesel motors nowadays to enhance effectiveness.You can now learn to drive with either engine variant with The Glasgow City Driving School.



The upshot of this is that you normally need to wait for the turbocharger to 'wake up' before the cars performance is unleashed for a brief timeframe. After the surge, it's a great opportunity to change outfit again as the torque decreases.



To compare to petrol engine, where in the primary the force manufactures in connection to the revs, which means more usable power a greater amount of the time. It's greatly fulfilling pursuing the needle to the red line on a petrol auto, yet regardless of the fact that you're not putting it all on the line, it's difficult to overlook the surplus usable force you have over a comparative diesel. Petrol motors are additionally smoother than diesels, however producers, for example, Jaguar and Audi are currently assembling bigger limit diesels which are verging on sleek.



In the event that there is an ideal example for a fruitful picture makeover in the car business, then diesel fuel is it. In short request it has gone from messy, malodorous truck fuel to driving the champs of the prestigious Le Mans 24 Hours race for as long as five years.



Out and about, diesel deals are rising and hint at no backing off. In Europe they have overwhelmed petrol models for a few makers and they could do likewise here. Since 2005, general offers of diesel-controlled vehicles have practically multiplied in Australia. The development is much more sensational on the off chance that you take a gander at traveler auto deals. A year ago, brands sold five times the same number of diesel-controlled traveler autos as they did in 2005, despite the fact that they represent less than 7 for every penny of the aggregate. Purchasers have been attracted by cleaner, more fuel-effective diesel motors. Numerous are currently as smooth and tranquil as a petrol motor.



They are presently found in each kind of vehicle, as well, from conservative city autos as far as possible up to extravagant limos, for example, the Jaguar XJ. They've likewise ended up energetic. Audi and Peugeot, which have utilized diesel-controlled models to win Le Mans, even offer their TT and RCZ sports autos with diesel motors.



The explanation behind the surge in diesel prevalence is straightforward: better mileage at negligible cost. Regularly, a diesel is 20 to 30 for every penny more productive than a comparable petrol motor. Be that as it may, there are some exchange offs. Diesel motors radiate more harmful gasses and CO2 per liter of fuel utilized than petrol-controlled autos. Notwithstanding, in light of the fact that diesels utilize less fuel, they can transmit less CO2 after some time.



Expense is another enormous variable in the diesel versus petrol banter about. Diesel models as a rule charge around a $2000 premium over their petrol proportionate. Furthermore, since the diesel versus petrol decision is regularly determined by the hip pocket, fuel costs are a component. Diesel has generally tended to be the more costly yet the equalization is tipping, particularly so with numerous European petrol models requesting more costly premium unleaded.



Conclusion



There are many factors that need to be considered while selecting the engine of the car, petrol is has better performance where as diesel is more efficient, but the most important fact remains that it will all boil down to the use of the car, if your use is more than diesel is the right choice but if you are planning a car for city use then go for petrol.

What Are The Various Advantages Of Buying A Used Automobile Versus A New Vehicle?

Now it's the right time for you personally to get a new car and you're actually thinking whether or not you should purchase a used automobile or a new one. While brand new vehicles have
their unique charm there are several benefits of choosing a used automobile. Largely, automobile dealers would actually try and offer to you a brand new vehicle as they get a higher commission
especially when the car is a top of the line model nevertheless if you have got a range of pre-owned automobiles to choose from then you should think carefully about getting a 100% brand new car.



Even before we consider the various benefits of buying pre-owned automobiles it is of the essence to point out the one detail that you must keep in mind is exactly how the car has been taken care of
up to now. You must get an automobile that was owned by an individual that has a history of caring for it. One dealership in particular has a tremendous history of caring and offers the
best Elkhart used cars in the state of Indiana.





The primary advantage of purchasing a pre-owned car is the simple fact that you'll spend a lot less. Though most people do not know it, the cash difference, on average, between a second-hand and a 100% brand new automobile is about $20,000. Nowadays most consumers do not possess that sort of cash on hand, it is unnecessary to spend that amount of funds when it is easy to get the same convenience
with a second-hand car.

It's factual that the rates of interest on used vehicles are greater, however it is not by much. On a 100% brand new automobile you'll get approximately 4% whereas on a brand new car you will get real close to the same rate comparatively at 4.99%.



A used automobile obviously has a track record where you already know of course that someone has utilized the car and that it works properly. So long as you get a maintenance record to indicate that the car has been maintained consistently you'll be all right and know what you are getting.



A pre-owned vehicle has way less depreciation compared to a brand new car. When a car is sold and moved off the lot you instantaneously lose about 25% of its original price. That is certainly tons of value lost and you really need to think about that. In the event you buy a pre-owned car, however, it can depreciate in actual value although not as instantly or as severe. If you sell it again after some time you would get most of your cash investment back.



You don't pay for taxes when it comes to used automobiles at all. This is certainly a fact that a lot of states generally don't emphasize. Find out just how much tax you have to pay for on a second-hand vehicle in your own state of residence and find out the amount of cash you will be saving. This factor should enter into your decision making process as a key advantage for being a used car over a new one.



The registration costs for new automobiles are high and decrease slowly in the first couple of years. In case you get a second-hand car you won't shell out a lot in registration expenses upfront like with a new car and they are going to decrease annually.



Whenever you acquire a pre-owned car you will be getting lots of accessories that you simply don't need. Sellers are intelligent and so they would like to get the most from you and your wallet. These people do this by adding add-ons or accessories to new cars and then charging you for these items. You actually should not spend money for items that you simply generally don't need. Again, with a used car, your not paying for add-ons, another benefit.



Think carefully before you purchase a brand new car a used car would definitely do just fine plus it even has quite a lot of benefits and dramatically lower costs.